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MPC Polyurethane Knowledge Center

Defining Surface Classifications for Molded Products

Now that you’ve gone through the product development stage and identified a suitable material and manufacturing process to achieve your exact design and performance requirements – You're probably eager to move into production… But wait! Have you considered what type of surface finish is required? Defining a clear surface finish specification early on with your manufacturer will set quality expectations, improve manufacturing efficiency, and ultimately dictate your part’s overall look and feel.

Below we will summarize the three types of surface finish classifications available so you can make the best design decisions for optimum results.

Surface Classifications

What is a Surface Finish?

Surface finish is a term commonly used in manufacturing to describe the appearance of molded products. This may be a minor detail in some applications, but for most, a surface finish can play a big role in your product design. For example, designers may require a high-quality painted finish to stand out from their competition, while others may require a specific texture for enhanced performance. Regardless of the purpose, there are several types of surface finishes available and classifications to be considered for optimal results. To learn more about the types of surface finishes available for molded products, click here.

Types of Surface Finish Classifications

examples of surface classificationsMost custom-molded products can have flow lines, texture, or blemishes that may require secondary operations, such as filling and sanding, to achieve the appropriate aesthetic requirements. As a result, the surface of a part is typically classified into one of three visual class finish categories: Class 1, Class 2, and Class 3. Each classification features different tolerances that determine the level of voids and blemishes acceptable on the part's surface.

The categories are as follows:

1.   Class 1 Finish – This is a high-quality finish, typically for customer-facing products, such as front panels or other visible surfaces. This class provides superior quality and uniformity in texture, color, and thickness. However, there may still be some minor voids and blemishes permitted but not visibly noticeable.

2.   Class 2 Finish – This is a medium-quality finish, typically not for customer-facing products but still visible, like the sides or backside of a product. This class provides good quality and uniformity in texture, color, and thickness. Small or limited voids and blemishes may still be visibly noticeable.

3.   Class 3 Finish – This is often an as-molded finish and the most economical for parts that will not be visible to the consumer. This class is typically ideal for interior surfaces or components that will never be seen. So, voids and blemishes may be readily visible.

Surface Classification in Your Product Design

Determining the appropriate surface finish classification is often dependent on the part’s overall function and intended use. For example, if you are designing a housing or enclosure to be custom-molded for a medical device – Flow lines or voids and blemishes that typically appear during the molding process may not be desirable on the part’s surface. For this reason, a class 1 high-quality painted finish would be recommended throughout all visible surfaces to maintain the value and quality of the product. However, if appearance isn’t a critical factor in your product design, a class 3 as-molded finish may be ideal for a more economical approach. While these classifications are designed to provide guidelines, it is recommended to discuss with your manufacturing partner beforehand the critical areas that may or may not require high aesthetics to reduce failed inspections and improve manufacturing efficiency. 

If you believe custom molding with thermoset polyurethanes is right for your product design, complete our design tool here or download our material data sheets below to begin your product or component to life!

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